Today was the very last day of our 2020 excavation season at Podere Cannicci.
We were able to recognize a last context (36), document it and remove it. A new wall encloses the larger room, which was divided in two spaces with clay walls.
The excavation revealed also the presence of a new dolium still in situ and aligned with those discovered last year along the southern wall of the room; a number of functional objects were also collected, detailing the different activities carried out in the complex.
We finished the day by cleaning all the excavation area and taking aerial photos with both a thermo-camera and a drone. Now, let’s wait for 2021!!!
The second last day of the season at Podere Cannicci was full of surprises!
The removal of US 44 brought to the discovery of a new wall in the south-western part of the trench. Close to this wall, the remains of a dolium were collected; these bear marks on their surface, indicating the quantity of the liquid inside.
The wooden beam/architrave found completely carbonised close to the wall was fully documented. It appears to have some sort of relationship with the pillar at the center of the room that was exposed during the 2019 season.
We finally decided to have a pit test in the newly found drain, between walls 35 and 36. The sondage demonstrated that the archaeological sequence continues underneath.
In the eastern part of the excavation, US 29 was completely removed while wall 4 was fully exposed. A new wall appeared, aligned to those of the large drain discovered in 2019.
A wooden, charred architrave or very large beam was discovered by removing the collapse, while new contexts were exposed as well in the southern area. A bronze door knob was recovered in the collapse.
Finally, some activities took also place at the medieval site of Castellaraccio, documenting new evidence that will help understanding the overall medieval settlement and its connection with the fallen bridge.
In the southern side of the trench, our archaeologists finished to remove US 26 and exposed the semi-rectangular cut US 28; this presents vertical sections of limited height while the filling had some remains of mortar. Then the area was cleaned and fully documented, with a 3D plan of the possible kiln.
In the northern side, instead, the activities aimed at clarifying the limits of the rooms, by delimitating the internal floors, that are made up of yellow clay and small pebbles. Moreover, US 27 was started to be removed; this is a hard, yellow clay deposit that partially abuts the drain and presents lumps and concentrations of charcoal.
Today, we spent most of the day removing US 2 in the western part of the trench. This allowed to reveal another section of the earth-beaten floor, partially exposed last year. The removal of the context also allowed to discover a new pillar of the room, and the side wall of the drain recently intercepted.
In the SE area of the trench, instead, we removed US 23, rich in fragments of mud bricks, cocciopesto and pottery. Just underneath it, a consistent deposit of charcoals, charred wood and kitchen ware appeared.
At the end of the day, we documented the entire area with a drone, also to be able to produce a 3D model of the excavation trench!
The excavation of US 23 and wall 21 continued; a structure containing cocciopesto, mud bricks, roof tile and large scatters of charcoal emerged in the southern side.
Alongside US 23, a new context (25) was revealed that covers a new wall, going NE-SW.
On the northern side of the trench, instead, a drain was discovered going NE-SW, filled with a clay deposit. The drain is flanked by two pillars; close to the southern pillar there are remains of a smashed dolium.
The day ended with mapping and recording all the new contexts.
Another great day at Podere Cannicci for our archaeologists!
The removal of the collapse covering US 21 (the wall dividing the room with dolia from the recently newly exposed spaces of the complex) revealed a burnt context, red in color and with a high concentration of charcoals. Moreover, a small rectangular structure, made up of mud bricks , was discovered, most likely a furnace or a kiln. In this room, a handle of a situla was collected.
The excavation trench was extended both on the western and northern sides; from the latter, two bronze coins appeared from the soil. One is a Republican coin, while the second bears the image of an Antonine Emperor (most likely Antoninus Pius or Commodus).